If you already have invested in the DSLR camera and love to click awesome images of different objects, knowing the Digital camera’s proper use is essential. You may become confused with the camera’s numerous buttons and features if you get no guidance to follow as a beginner. So, if it is the first time for you to hold the digital camera, then learn DSLR photography in detail and get the best result.
Buying a DSLR is the dream of many who discover their passion for photography. But you need to know how to use the camera and click the best photo. Here you will get the complete guideline and excellent useful tips for using the DSLR camera even it is new to you. The helpful DSLR photography tutorials are essential to avoid the wrong application of the camera and take the photography quality to another level of professionalism.
Learn DSLR Photography: 10 tips to take better pictures
The top models of the DSLR cameras come with different features. One can easily click the images using the basic features of the DSLR. Still, if you want to execute something unique and remarkable, some tips can help you.
There are some essential features of the DSLR, and you can use these to capture high-quality photos of different objects. So, let us see how to use DSLR properly?
Use the Master Shooting mode
When you are learning DSLR photography, it is vital to know some basic applications. Master shooting mode is one of the most useful options that can uplift the picture quality if you know its proper use. The feature is available on the dial section of the digital camera and features like Tv, Auto, AV, M, P, and more. The feature determines the operation of the camera when you press the shutter.
You can select the auto option and let the camera behave automatically. There are some other options as well to control the overall activity of the camera. To know the use of these additional features, you need to go through the following features’ details.
Understand Aperture priority
It is essential to understand the camera’s aperture priority when you are trying to capture an image through DSLR. The aperture priority can be selected from the feature AV. Different models of DSLR cameras come into the market with several designs, and accordingly, the dial of the camera changes. You may have some other label on the camera dial for aperture priority, so; you need to check that once.
As soon as you set the aperture priority, your camera gets the signal to set the select the shutter speed automatically. In simple words, you need to fix the aperture priority to control the light’s entry through the lens. You need to set the aperture to decide how much the lens’s wideness is required to enter the perfect amount of light through the lens.
Different f numbers are given to adjust the aperture. You can select the higher f-number to reduce the openness of the lens. The shorter openness of the lens allows less light to enter through the lens. That means when you want to reduce the light in your photography, and then you need to select the higher f-number.
The depth of field in landscape photography largely depends on the aperture priority. So, you need to select a higher f-number when you are capturing the wide landscape photo. The aperture and focus ratio are related to click the best image.
The shutter is another component that plays a significant role in photography. The camera’s shutter speed means the period when the shutter remains open, and the light enters through the lens to capture the picture. You will get to know the measurement of the shutter speed in seconds.
The short shutter speed is required to capture the fast-moving moments. If you like to capture the photo of flying birds or moving wild animals, then the short shutter speed should be selected. On the other hand, if you want to click the moving object with the blurry effect on the subject, you can increase the shutter speed. This shutter speed is perfect for capturing the waterfall or waves on the sea as per your requirement.
Different DSLR cameras are available with a complete manual shutter speed setting option, while others have the automatic selection option. But if you want to click the creative image with perfect professionalism, then you can set it as per your wish and click with the best effect.
We all know that the ratio of the aperture and shutter speed should be correct to maintain the image’s quality. And here, the primary role of the program feature of the DSLR camera comes. Most of the DSLR cameras have a “P” mark to indicate the feature on the dial. The feature allows the user to set either aperture or the shutter speed. It automatically sets the other one to click the perfect photo.
The manual setting option comes with the M mark, and you can select it when you want to set the aperture ratio and the shutter speed on your own. The manual option is perfect for the professional ones who have a good experience in photography. Suppose you are one of the beginners in DSLR photography. In that case, you can select the auto option to select the aperture ratio and shutter speed.
Most of the camera shows you how the image will look under the exposure or over it. This initial idea of the image exposure through this DSLR camera can help you decide whether you want to change the shutter speed and aperture priority.
When it comes to the point of understanding DSLR photography tutorials, ISO plays a significant role. ISO means the sensitivity of the sensor to the light. In the DSLR cameras, the available ISO ranges within 100 to 6400. Low sensitivity is applicable when you have enough light for exposure. On the other hand, when light exposure is less, and you need a bright image, you should increase the ISO number.
The prominence, brightness, and photography’s mood largely depend on the ISO of DSLR photography. So, the photographer needs to be very careful while using the feature to get the best frame.
If you want to keep the natural effect of the scene or the object intact in the image, you should select the lower ISO range. So that the ISO ads no extra light to the item and make it bright artificially.
Exposure is another very vital point that needs to be taken in the mind of the photographer who wants to click some high-quality photo. What are the three points that make this triangle to get the perfect image? Aperture, shutter speed, and the ISO are the main three points on which the photography’s mood depends mostly.
These three features decide the full effect of the lights on an image. And we know the importance of light in photography, so controlling the lights on an image is possible only by correctly operating these three points.
ISO range decides what amount of light is required by your camera. On the other hand, the other two features like aperture and shutter speed, decide what amount of light should enter the camera through the lens. If you change one setting, then automatically it affects the two other features, and as a result, the exposure changes.
The points mentioned above, we have learned that the final exposure of photography depends on the light controlled by aperture, shutter speed, and ISO. The automatic calculation of the light controlling features is done by the DSLR camera as well.
When you select this automatic feature, it calculates the light exposure on the frame’s different objects on an average basis. The camera automatically calculates the light exposure by detecting the dark and bright areas in the frame. It determines the light exposure in such a manner so that the entire portion gets average light exposure that is also called middle grey up to 18% grey.
If you want to understand the master metering, then here you will get a few examples. When you capture the white scenes like after snowfall and select the master metering option, the exposed photo will not so white as it looks practically. If you click the scene under low lit, then it looks brighter than we see it in reality. It is because the camera balances the light exposure after detecting the grey portion of different parts of the targeted scene.
But you can also adjust it as per your need and the weight you need for a particular object in the frame. The following points will give you a better result.
Average: In this case, the camera checks every part of the image and its tone. Then it makes the setting get the exposure with an 18% grey balance.
Centre-weighted: The centre weighted means the central area of the camera’s entire frame when capturing a photo. The camera asses the region and its tone then meters its exposure and ignores the rest of the frame.
Spot metering: In this case, the camera selects a small part of the entire viewfinder area of the frame and understands its tone. According to its assessment of that particular portion of the photograph, it decides the whole scene’s exposure up to 18% grey.
This feature appears near the shutter of the DSLR camera in most of the models. This helps the photographer adjust the image’s brightness if the master meter exposure is not appropriate for the frame. If you find that the 18% grey as per the meter is making the image dull, then you can increase it by pressing the + sign and make the image as bright or white as you want. Again if the frame needs to be darker, then you can press the – sign of the exposure compensation to get the right exposure.
Focus is another crucial part of photography, and you need to have detailed knowledge about it. The updated models of DSLR cameras come with different features to focus on a particular object. The photography must have a subject, and the camera lens needs to focus on it. There are some points that the photographer needs to keep in mind while adjusting the focus.
If you want to learn DSLR photography thoroughly, you need to know the use and purpose of autofocus in detail. The two most essential features come under autofocus that you can use to get the best photography exposure.
AF-S or autofocus single – When your target for photography is stationary, that means the landscape, model, or building can use this autofocus option. The focus on the frame appears when you half-press the shutter before the final click. The focus appears on the subject and locks it. If the focus detection by the camera is not right, then you need to shift the focus by releasing the shutter and composing the lens again. Then you need to half-press the shutter once again to get the right focus for required exposure.
AF-C – Autofocus continuous – This is another feature for focusing the moving subject. If you are targeting the subject which is moving continuously like an action or animal, then you can select this focus option. It can keep the focus on the moving subject and lock it as per its movement while taking a photograph.
The focus point is one of the most important parts to know about DSLR photography for beginners. Focus points are seen on the screen through the viewfinder as the dots or square boxes. You will see multiple focus points on the camera screen, and among those, one should appear in the highlighted red colour. This highlighted focus point is the main active focus point, which detects the subject of photography.
You will get to see all of these focus points by half-pressing the shutter before final clicking. In the modern market, the top DSLR models are available with 50 focus points. These points help the photographer to switch the active focus point easily by using the directional indication. Selecting the right focus point is vital to get the best exposure of the photo. Suppose you want to get this easy focus switching option. In that case, you need to select a single focus point at the beginning of photography learning.
White balance in the photo
The photo’s white balance should be checked to get the right exposure, especially if the saving file format is jpeg. You will get the option to balance the whiteness of the photograph on the camera. You can use it if you find the image exposure has a blue or orange tone. You can increase the whiteness of the photo to add the brightness to the image.
These colour tones appear in the photograph because of the warmth of the light in which the image is taken. For instance, if the picture is taken under the sunlight or candlelight, then getting the orange or red tone in the image exposure is high. This happens due to the warmth of the light rays, which is present in the scene.
Here you need to balance the whiteness of the image to get the best exposure and eliminate this unnecessary tone. The feature is available in the updated models of DSLR camera to give you a perfect photograph exposure.
Saving the format of the photo
The last point that you need to keep in for finally saving the image is the saving format. The image can be saved in a jpeg file or raw file format in the camera. The raw file format is required when you want to transfer the file without composing it to the computer and then compose it after editing. But in this case, the file becomes large for saving many data related to the image.
You can also save the file in jpeg format, which saves the file in composed form. You can also change the file size as per your need while saving in this format. The DSLR camera will give you options to select in which megapixel you want to save it like superfine or highest megapixel format or in the lowest one. The size of the file depends on the megapixel or clarity you select while saving it.
So, these are the primary points that you should understand in detail to learn DSLR photography in the beginning. If you know using these basic features, then clicking the best image through this camera is not a challenging task. After that, once you start operating the camera, you will get to know about the other device features that can improve the photography exposure.